1. foreman(1)
  2. Foreman Manual
  3. foreman(1)

NAME

foreman - manage Procfile-based applications

SYNOPSIS

foreman start [process]
foreman run <command>
foreman export <format> [location]

DESCRIPTION

Foreman is a manager for Procfile-based applications. Its aim is to abstract away the details of the Procfile format, and allow you to either run your application directly or export it to some other process management format.

RUNNING

foreman start is used to run your application directly from the command line.

If no additional parameters are passed, foreman will run one instance of each type of process defined in your Procfile.

If a parameter is passed, foreman will run one instance of the specified application type.

The following options control how the application is run:

-c, --concurrency

Specify the number of each process type to run. The value passed in should be in the format process=num,process=num

-e, --env

Specify one or more .env files to load

-f, --procfile

Specify an alternate Procfile to load, implies -d at the Procfile root.

-p, --port

Specify which port to use as the base for this application. Should be a multiple of 1000.

foreman run is used to run one-off commands using the same environment as your defined processes.

EXPORTING

foreman export is used to export your application to another process management format.

An location to export can be passed as an argument. This argument may be either required or optional depending on the export format.

The following options control how the application is run:

-a, --app

Use this name rather than the application's root directory name as the name of the application when exporting.

-c, --concurrency

Specify the number of each process type to run. The value passed in should be in the format process=num,process=num

-l, --log

Specify the directory to place process logs in.

-p, --port

Specify which port to use as the base for this application. Should be a multiple of 1000.

-t, --template

Specify an alternate template to use for creating export files. See https://github.com/ddollar/foreman/tree/master/data/export for examples.

-u, --user

Specify the user the application should be run as. Defaults to the app name

GLOBAL OPTIONS

These options control all modes of foreman's operation.

-d, --root

Specify an alternate application root. This defaults to the directory containing the Procfile.

-e, --env

Specify an alternate environment file. You can specify more than one file by using: --env file1,file2.

-f, --procfile

Specify an alternate location for the application's Procfile. This file's containing directory will be assumed to be the root directory of the application.

EXPORT FORMATS

foreman currently supports the following output formats:

INITTAB EXPORT

Will export a chunk of inittab-compatible configuration:

# ----- foreman example processes -----
EX01:4:respawn:/bin/su - example -c 'PORT=5000 bundle exec thin start >> /var/log/web-1.log 2>&1'
EX02:4:respawn:/bin/su - example -c 'PORT=5100 bundle exec rake jobs:work >> /var/log/job-1.log 2>&1'
# ----- end foreman example processes -----

SYSTEMD EXPORT

Will create a series of systemd scripts in the location you specify. Scripts will be structured to make the following commands valid:

systemctl start appname.target

systemctl stop appname-processname.target

systemctl restart appname-processname-3.service

UPSTART EXPORT

Will create a series of upstart scripts in the location you specify. Scripts will be structured to make the following commands valid:

start appname

stop appname-processname

restart appname-processname-3

PROCFILE

A Procfile should contain both a name for the process and the command used to run it.

web: bundle exec thin start
job: bundle exec rake jobs:work

A process name may contain letters, numbers and the underscore character. You can validate your Procfile format using the check command:

$ foreman check

ENVIRONMENT

If a .env file exists in the current directory, the default environment will be read from it. This file should contain key/value pairs, separated by =, with one key/value pair per line.

FOO=bar
BAZ=qux

DEFAULT OPTIONS

If a .foreman file exists in the current directory, default options will be read from it. This file should be in YAML format with the long option name as keys. Example:

concurrency: alpha=0,bravo=1
port: 15000

EXAMPLES

Start one instance of each process type, interleave the output on stdout:

$ foreman start

Export the application in upstart format:

$ foreman export upstart /etc/init

Run one process type from the application defined in a specific Procfile:

$ foreman start alpha -f ~/myapp/Procfile

Foreman is Copyright (C) 2010 David Dollar http://daviddollar.org

  1. Foreman 0.64.0
  2. April 2014
  3. foreman(1)